Your teeth are covered with a sticky film of bacteria called plaque. Following a meal or snack, the bacteria release acids that attack tooth enamel. Plaque that is not removed with thorough daily brushing and cleaning between teeth can eventually harden into calculus or tartar. Brushing and cleaning between teeth become more difficult when tartar collects above the gum line. The gum tissue can become swollen or may bleed. This is called gingivitis, the early stage of periodontal (gum) disease. Periodontal (gum) diseases, including gingivitis and periodontitis, are serious infections that, left untreated, can lead to tooth loss
Periodontal health should be achieved in the least invasive and most cost-effective manner. This is often accomplished through non-surgical periodontal treatment, including scaling and root planning (a careful cleaning of the root surfaces to remove plaque and calculus [tartar] from deep periodontal pockets and to smooth the tooth root to remove bacterial toxins). Dental scaling and polishing involve removing plaque (soft, sticky, bacteria infested film) and tartar (calculus) deposits that have built up on the teeth over.
These conditions of the gum are often unnoticed, as they may not cause any pain:
Common symptoms include
- Roughness at the lower front teeth / flaking
- Swollen gums
- Gum bleeding – when brushing
- Gum recession gums moving lower away from the tooth neck
- Sensitivity of tooth roots
- Movement of the tooth
- Bad odours
- Gum ulcers
- Painful gums / jaw
Once tartar sets into the gum and tooth roots, it is impossible for you to brush this off.
A dental scaler is used to gently remove and build up of hardened tartar off your tooth surfaces. The scaler used a high vibration frequency that does not damage tooth enamel, but gently lifts off tartar buildup.
Tartar : a hard cement like product evolves from the softer sticky plaque and forms in 12 hour cycle. Most individuals do not brush appropriately or often enough ( at least twice daily) to control plaque accumulation. Once tartar is formed it aggressively accumulates and causes serious and irreversible damage to the gum and bone supporting the tooth. It is vital not to allow tartar development in the gums and roots of teeth, only dental personnel can help remove all tartar deposits on teeth through scaling, root planning and polishing. Once this is done a good oral hygiene program should be in place to minimize tartar growth. A scaling and polishing is recommended twice a year for best PREVENTION.
Most teeth are lost worldwide through gum disease due to tartar development in roots of teeth.